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It is common for children and adults as it can affect anyone. You do not always know you have a problem until the trigger affects you. Some people have minor reactions to a substance and these are not to be confused with a full anaphylactic reaction.
Common food triggers:
• Peanuts, tree nuts
• Fish and shellfish
• Dairy products such as milk and eggs.
Sometimes the cause may be unknown but Anaphylaxis can also be triggered by:
• Venom from stinging or biting insects. Wasp and bee venom is the most common insect allergens. On rare occasions stings from hornets and bumble bees can also cause allergic reactions.
• Medicine – most commonly antibiotics, aspirin or ibuprofen
We've spoken about full allergic reactions, anaphylactic reactions. We're just going to briefly now talk about minor allergic reactions. Now, these are the types of things that wouldn't because a full-blown anaphylactic attack, so they're not really affecting the respiratory system. Anything that would affect the respiratory system or a major reaction in the body, you must call 999, and you must activate any medical treatment that's been given. We're just looking here at the smaller things.
Now, latex could give an anaphylactic reaction, and someone may well carry an EpiPen, or a Jext System, or Emerade to actually treat that. However, other people, it might affect them by just coming out in a rash. It may be that they touch latex on them, and then they get a red area onto their hands. Now, this type of thing, we treat a little bit different. It may be they just have creams to take or it may be they have tablets. In some cases, people have antihistamine tablets they take when they come in contact with different substances. Even something like hay fever, it's still an allergic reaction, but it's not having the same effect. It's quite important to draw a line between the major anaphylactic reactions, but also these other minor things.
You can get advice on the minor problems from your doctor, from your pharmacist, also lots of other places specific to that problem. Something like hay fever, for example, there's websites and charities involved in giving you support that you need for that. If someone has any type of minor reaction to a substance, and you think it's possibly going to affect their breathing, they're in a lot of distress, then you must activate emergency services, or go into a doctor straight away.