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Nosebleeds are common in children and adults. They're often easily treated and do not return. Nosebleeds can be distressing to children and be embarrassing to adults. Blood vessels in the nose are very close to the skin and easily damaged by putting things into the nose, stress, and illness. Nosebleeds can also be from physical impact to the nose or being hit in the face. Be careful in stopping the nosebleed. If you think the nose may be broken or there are external injuries, you need to take extreme care.
Treatment for someone with a nosebleed is, first, to get them to sit down. If needed, calm them down and reassure them. Lean them forward to maintain the airway and prevent the blood coming down the throat, which could cause vomiting or nausea. Get them to pinch the soft part of their nose. This will help to allow the blood to stop, acts like pressure on to the nose. You may want to give them a ball so that they can spit out the blood rather than swallow it. And if needed, give them some tissues as well. Leave the pressure on the nose for at least 10 minutes, and then gently remove the fingers to see if the bleeding has stopped. If it's not stopped, then you can repeat with another 10 minutes. If the bleeding hasn't stopped within 30 minutes, you may well then need to take them to a medical professional.
Tell them to avoid sniffing, coughing, blowing their nose, talking, as all these can start the bleeding again and prevent healing. Regular nosebleeds may be an indication of something more serious, and a visit to the doctor is advised. Children who suffer from regular nosebleeds often grow out of them without any medical treatment.